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Workshop on Nonlinear Shallow Crust Effects


Please contact the conveners if you are interested in participating in this workshop, or would like more information about the workshop.

Participants: 25 maximum

Date: September 9, 2017
Time: 9:00am-5:00pm
Location: Hilton Palm Springs Resort

SCEC Award: 17140

Conveners: Domniki Asimaki and Ricardo Taborda

SUMMARY: SCEC has been promoting for decades a physics-based approach to ground motion simulation for hazard mapping and engineering applications. As we transition from the hybrid approaches of the past to the fully-deterministic broad¬band simulations of SCEC5, we are called upon to develop capabilities for the SCEC simulation frameworks to capture the nonlinear response of shallow crustal materials (weathered rock and sedimentary soils) that dominates the high frequency regime of earthquake problems. 

In this workshop, invited speakers will summarize past and current research efforts on various aspects of the topic, including constitutive modeling of rock and soil properties; characterization and simulation of spatial heterogeneity; integration of the above in one-, two- and three-dimensional wave propagation simulations (including topography effects); and pertinent implementation challenges related to high-performance computing simulation.

The talks are organized to provide an overview of the state-of-the art that will act as springboard for discussion, which we hope will be the main activity of the workshop. Our goals are: (i) to foster collaboration between geotechnical engineers, geo-material scientists, and computational seismologists, bridging the scale between site-specific and region-specific simulations of nonlinear response; (ii) to collectively develop a roadmap of research milestones to integrate nonlinear effects in physics-based broadband simulations within SCEC5; and (iii) to reach consensus required to translate the roadmap into a Technical Activity Group (TAG) charged to coordinate and support our collaborative research on the subject of integrating nonlinear models in broadband physics-based simulations.

Presentation titles below are preliminary.


09:00 - 09:05 Welcome, agenda, objectives (PDF, 272KB) Domniki Asimaki
09:05 - 09:15 Overview of SCEC's modeling and simulation software family (PDF, 8.0MB) Ricardo Taborda
09:15 - 09:30 Current leading efforts in SCEC's 3D regional simulations including plasticity and small scale heterogeneities Kim Olsen
09:30 - 09:40 The long-run computational challenges for using 3D simulations in seismic hazard analysis (PDF, 1.8MB) Scott Callaghan
09:40 - 09:55 Datasets and data analysis for geotechnical site (profiles) characterization (PDF, 1.1MB) Sean Ahdi
09:55 - 10:10 SVM – A stochastic velocity model of the shallow crust based on geotechnical site characterization data (PDF, 4.3MB) Jian Shi
10:10 - 10:20 Break All
10:20 - 10:30 Short catch-up Q&A and discussion All
10:30 - 10:45 Characterization of the Earth's shallow crust Oliver Boyd
10:45 - 11:00 Physical properties of damaged rock zones as inferred from observations Yehuda Ben-Zion
11:00 - 11:15 Soil mechanics, constitutive models used in 1D/2D/3D geotechnical modeling Fabian Bonilla
11:15 - 11:30 Simple soil constitutive models for wave propagation problems and their potential integration in 3D simulations (PDF, 8.4MB) Elnaz Seylabi
11:30 - 12:00 Discussion All
12:00 - 13:00 Lunch All
13:00 - 13:05 Re-cap and afternoon plan Domniki Asimaki
13:05 - 13:15 Short catch-up Q&A and discussion All
13:15 - 13:30 2D nonlinear and topography effects at local scales (PDF, 2.6MB) Seokho Jeong
13:30 - 13:45 2D nonlinear and 3D topography effects at regional scales Dorian Restrepo
13:45 - 14:00 Implications for SCEC modeling tools (PDF, 208KB) Phil Maechling
14:00 - 14:15 Implications for SCEC special projects Christine Goulet
14:15 - 14:30 Break All
14:30 - 15:50 Open Q&A and discussion about topics covered and other relevant, related issues All
15:50 - 16:50 Open discussion about plans for a TAG and suggestions of language to be included in the RFP All
16:50 - 17:00 Closing remarks Domniki Asimaki


Sean Ahdi (UCLA)
Domniki Asimaki (Caltech)
Peyman Ayoubi (Caltech)
Yehuda Ben-Zion (USC)
Fabian Bonilla (IFSTTAR)
Oliver Boyd (USGS)
Alexander Breuer (SDSC/UCSD)
Scott Callaghan (SCEC/USC)
Elnaz Esmaeilzadeh Seylabi (Caltech)
Christine Goulet (SCEC/USC)
Zhifeng Hu (SDSU)
Seokho Jeong (U Canterbury)
Hiroko Kitajima (TAMU)
Phil Maechling (SCEC/USC)
Morgan Moschetti (USGS)
Naeem Khoshnevis (U Memphis)
Kim Olsen (SDSU)
Dorian Restrepo (EAFIT)
Norm Sleep (Stanford)
Ricardo Taborda (U of Memphis)
Nan Wang (SDSU)
Kyle Withers (USGS)
Alan Yong (USGS)